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The histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity of p300 is essential for androgen receptor (AR) function. Androgen-independent prostate cancer cells require AR-mediated transcriptional activation for their growth. These observations indicate that p300 HAT is a promising target to overcome such hormone-resistant cancer cells. We sought p300 HAT inhibitors among microbial metabolites. By culturing a production strain belonging to Penicillium, we identified two new compounds, NK13650A and NK13650B, which were obtained as specific p300 HAT inhibitors. Structural analyses of these compounds elucidated that NK13650s have novel chemical structures comprising several amino acids and citrate. We applied a newly developed biosynthesis-based method to reveal the absolute configuration at the citrate quaternary carbon. This was accomplished by feeding a (13)C-labeled biosynthetic precursor of citrate. NK13650s selectively inhibited the activity of p300 HAT but not that of Tip60 HAT. NK13650s showed inhibitory activity against agonist-induced AR transcriptional activation, and NK13650A treatment inhibited hormone-dependent and -independent growth of prostate cancer cells.


Shigehiro Tohyama, Arihiro Tomura, Noriko Ikeda, Masaki Hatano, Junko Odanaka, Yumiko Kubota, Maya Umekita, Masayuki Igarashi, Ryuichi Sawa, Tomio Morino. Discovery and characterization of NK13650s, naturally occurring p300-selective histone acetyltransferase inhibitors. The Journal of organic chemistry. 2012 Oct 19;77(20):9044-52

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PMID: 22984806

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