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Attached growth reactors were developed separately for solids retention time (SRT)-controlled partial nitrification and for anaerobic ammonia oxidation (Anammox) treatment, and a new nitrogen removal process is proposed for wastewater containing highly concentrated ammonia. For partial nitrification, an attached growth medium of polyurethane foam was used. Partial nitrification was achieved stably under a SRT of 4 days, and the abundance ratio of NO2(-)-N to the sum of NH4(+)-N, NO2(-)-N and NO3(-)-N was approximately 0.8 after 10 days. Under a SRT of4 days, the amoA gene concentrations of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria increased from 1 x 10(8) to 7 x 10(8) copies/l, whereas the 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene concentrations of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria did not increase. These results indicate that SRT-controlled operation is a promising technology for achieving partial nitrification. For the Anammox treatment, an attached growth medium of non-woven fabric was used. Inorganic nitrogen removal of approximately 80-90% was observed at an inorganic nitrogen loading rate of over 10 kgN/(m3-medium.d) and an influent nitrogen concentration of 400 mgN/l. Our non-woven fabric reactor showed similar or superior Anammox performance to that reported previously. By using a combination of these two rectors, we can develop a method that combines partial nitrification and Anammox treatment for effective and stable nitrogen removal.


F Nishimura, T Hidaka, A Nakagawa, H Yorozu, H Tsuno. Removal of high concentration ammonia from wastewater by a combination of partial nitrification and anammox treatment. Environmental technology. 2012 Jul-Aug;33(13-15):1485-9

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PMID: 22988605

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