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We have shown that the mRNAs for apopolysialoglycoproteins (apoPSGP) of rainbow trout contain various numbers of a repetitive sequence of 39 base-pairs encoding mature apoPSGP, and that this sequence is bordered by highly homologous 5' and 3' regions encoding pre-, pro- and telopeptides. These mRNAs are thought to be transcribed from different genes that constitute a large multiple gene family (more than 100 members). Here, we have determined the structures of several members of the apoPSGP gene family. The results show that two of three genomic DNA fragments contain two independent apoPSGP genes in the same orientation with unrelated sequences intervening. Five characterized genes have essentially the same organization and sequence. Each gene has four exons, and CAAT and TATA sequences were found in the 5'-flanking regions. However, two noteworthy differences were observed among the five genes; a diversity in the number of the 39 base-pair repeats, also observed among the cDNA clones, and a one-base polymorphism in the 39 base-pair repeat, which causes an amino acid change. This polymorphism was not detected among the cDNA clones obtained. The boundary positions of the genes are various and contain no transposon-like structures. The variation in the number of repeats and the absence of a rule for bordering positions of the genes suggest that apoPSGP genes may have been amplified by gene duplications, unequal recombination, and selection of chromosomes having larger numbers of apoPSGP genes.

Citation

H Sorimachi, Y Emori, H Kawasaki, K Suzuki, Y Inoue. Organization and primary sequence of multiple genes coding for the apopolysialoglycoproteins of rainbow trout. Journal of molecular biology. 1990 Jan 5;211(1):35-48

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PMID: 2299671

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