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We report on the long-term outcomes of the distal urethral polypropylene sling for stress urinary incontinence in a patient cohort that was closely followed and whose outcomes were reported at 1 and 5 years after surgery. We performed a prospective study of all consecutive patients who underwent a distal urethral polypropylene sling procedure between November 1999 and April 2000. The 1 and 5-year outcomes for this particular patient cohort were previously reported. At the minimum 11-year followup, outcome was determined by patient self-assessment including validated questionnaires. A total of 69 patients were followed prospectively and followup was obtained for 30. Of those lost to followup 10 were deceased and 5 were cognitively impaired. Mean patient age at followup was 73 years (range 40 to 97). More than 11 years after surgery 48% of patients reported no stress urinary incontinence symptoms and 63% were never bothered by stress urinary incontinence. Patients reported a mean overall symptom improvement of 64% compared to 81% at 5 years. Overall 82% of patients met the criteria for treatment success by symptom scores and 80% met the criteria by bother scores. The distal urethral polypropylene sling procedure has excellent long-term durability in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence, in addition to low morbidity and low cost as previously described. Eleven years after the procedure the majority of patients report symptom improvement. Nevertheless, many older patients are unable to participate in followup. When choosing an anti-incontinence procedure, durability should be considered in light of patient age given that the theoretical advantages of long-term durability are limited by cognitive decline and mortality. Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Lisa Rogo-Gupta, Z Chad Baxter, Ngoc-Bich Le, Shlomo Raz, Larissa V Rodríguez. Long-term durability of the distal urethral polypropylene sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence: minimum 11-year followup. The Journal of urology. 2012 Nov;188(5):1822-7

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PMID: 22999687

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