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Up to now, only five-point mutations in the MEF2C gene have been described in patients with severe mental retardation with absent speech, limited walking abilities, epilepsy, and lack of gross malformations. In brain, MEF2C is essential for early neurogenesis, neuronal migration, and differentiation. Here, we present a new patient with severe mental retardation, epilepsy, and hand stereotypies associated with a novel MEF2C frameshift mutation c.457delA. The purpose of this work was to clarify criteria for the selection of patients with severe intellectual disability to screen for deficiency in the MEF2C gene. By combining the clinical data of all patients with MEF2C point mutations published so far with the phenotype of our patient, a targeted search for MEF2C mutations could be applied to patients with a severe intellectual deficiency associated with absence of language and hypotonia, strabismus, and epilepsy (started after 6 months, often well controlled by valproate).

Citation

Thierry Bienvenu, Bertrand Diebold, Jamel Chelly, Bertrand Isidor. Refining the phenotype associated with MEF2C point mutations. Neurogenetics. 2013 Feb;14(1):71-5

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PMID: 23001426

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