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Previous studies have shown that iron deficiency anemia is associated with oxidative stress produced by a decrease in antioxidant enzyme activities and/or a high level of oxidants. Because oxidative stress induces DNA damage, we investigated genotoxicity in lymphocytes from patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) using chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) assays. Eighteen IDA subjects and a similar number of age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The results demonstrated that IDA was associated with a slight increase in the frequency of spontaneous CAs and a decrease in the frequency of SCEs (P<0.05). In addition, the level of SCEs was positively correlated with both the ferritin concentration (r=0.485, P<0.05) and hemoglobin content (r=0.514, P<0.05) in subjects. Moreover, vitamin E treatment reduced the frequency of SCEs in IDA patients and control subjects by the same percentage (∼30%) without affecting the magnitude of the difference in the levels of SCEs between the two groups. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that IDA has a differential effect on the frequency of spontaneous CAs and SCEs. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Omar F Khabour, Ola A Soudah, Mahmoud H Aaysh. Genotoxicity assessment in iron deficiency anemia patients using sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations assays. Mutation research. 2013 Jan 20;750(1-2):72-6

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PMID: 23018198

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