Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The centromeres remain "the final frontier" in unexplored segments of genome landscape in primate genomes, characterized by 2-5 Mb arrays of evolutionary rapidly evolving alpha satellite (AS) higher order repeats (HORs). Alpha satellites as specific noncoding sequences may be also significant in light of regulatory role of noncoding sequences. Using the Global Repeat Map (GRM) algorithm we identify in NCBI assemblies of chromosome 5 the species-specific alpha satellite HORs: 13mer in human, 5mer in chimpanzee, 14mer in orangutan and 3mers in macaque. The suprachromosomal family (SF) classification of alpha satellite HORs and surrounding monomeric alpha satellites is performed and specific segmental structure was found for major alpha satellite arrays in chromosome 5 of primates. In the framework of our novel concept of start/stop Codon Like Trinucleotides (CLTs) as a "new DNA language in noncoding sequences", we find characteristics and differences of these species in CLT extensions, in particular the extensions of stop-TGA CLT. We hypothesize that these are regulators in noncoding sequences, acting at a distance, and that they can amplify or weaken the activity of start/stop codons in coding sequences in protein genesis, increasing the richness of regulatory phenomena. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Marija Rosandić, Matko Glunčić, Vladimir Paar. Start/stop codon like trinucleotides extensions in primate alpha satellites. Journal of theoretical biology. 2013 Jan 21;317:301-9

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 23026763

View Full Text