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Severe pediatric slow transit constipation (STC) is commonly due to intrinsic colonic neuromuscular disease. We sought to correlate neuromuscular histological phenotypes in pediatric STC with colonic manometric phenotypes using high-resolution manometry (HRM). We tested the hypothesis that failure of motor quiescence (FQ) between bisacodyl-induced high amplitude propagating sequences (HAPSs) might predict neuromuscular pathology. Eighteen children (10 males, median age: 7.5 years) with refractory STC underwent stationary colonic HRM before segmental colonic resection. Six age-matched constipated children with normal colonic transit served as controls. Colonic resection specimens underwent histopathological analysis. Conventional manometric parameters and area under the curve (AUC) during a 1-min period following bisacodyl-induced HAPSs [PBAUC(1) ], as measure of FQ, were calculated. Numbers of postbisacodyl HAPSs in descending and sigmoid segments were lower in patients than controls (P < 0.01, respectively). Low amplitude propagating sequences (LAPSs) were common prebisacodyl in controls and rare in STC (P < 0.001), whereas postbisacodyl LAPS were more common in STC (P < 0.001). Postbisacodyl, both retrograde propagating contractions and bursts of contractions were present in STC patients only (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01). Postbisacodyl simultaneous pressurization was seen only in STC (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, in descending and rectosigmoid segments). Histological abnormalities were present in 17/18. Fourteen were neurogenic, one neuro-myogenic, and two myogenic. In segments with HAPS, PBAUC(1) was predictive of colonic neuropathy using a cutoff of 205 mmHg.s(-1) (Sensitivity 100%, specificity 86%, PPV92%, NPV100%). PBAUC(1) is increased in multiple colonic segments in neuropathic pediatric STC and constitutes a sensitive and specific biomarker of neuropathy. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


V Giorgio, O Borrelli, V V Smith, D Rampling, J Köglmeier, N Shah, N Thapar, J Curry, K J Lindley. High-resolution colonic manometry accurately predicts colonic neuromuscular pathological phenotype in pediatric slow transit constipation. Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society. 2013 Jan;25(1):70-8.e8-9

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PMID: 23030503

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