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Indirect immunofluorescence anti-nuclear antibody testing (IIF-ANAT) is an essential screening tool in the diagnosis of various autoimmune disorders. ANA titer quantification and interpretation of immunofluorescence patterns are determined subjectively, which is problematic. First, we determined the examination conditions under which IIF-ANAT fluorescence intensities are quantified. Next, IIF-ANAT was performed using homogeneous, discrete speckled, and mixed serum samples. Images were obtained using Bio Zero BZ-8000, and 3-dimensional images were reconstructed using the BZ analyzer software. In the 2-dimensional analysis, homogeneous ANAs hid the discrete speckled pattern, resulting in a diagnosis of homogeneous immunofluorescence. However, 3-dimensional analysis of the same sample showed discrete speckled-type ANA in the homogeneous background. This study strengthened the current IIF-ANAT method by providing a new approach to quantify the fluorescence intensity and enhance the resolution of IIF-ANAT fluorescence patterns. Reconstructed 3-dimensional imaging of IIF-ANAT can be a powerful tool for routine laboratory examination. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ryosei Murai, Koji Yamada, Maki Tanaka, Kageaki Kuribayashi, Daisuke Kobayashi, Naoki Tsuji, Naoki Watanabe. Reconstructing a 3-dimensional image of the results of antinuclear antibody testing by indirect immunofluorescence. Journal of immunological methods. 2013 Jan 31;387(1-2):312-6

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PMID: 23073364

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