Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The pharmacokinetic variability of hydroxy-itraconazole (OH-ITZ), an active metabolite of itraconazole (ITZ), is not fully known. Oral solution of ITZ was administered in 46 immunocompromised patients as a single 200 mg dose for at least 12 days. The plasma concentrations of ITZ, active OH-ITZ, and keto-itraconazole (keto-ITZ), an inactive metabolite, 12 h after administration were determined by LC-UV or LC-MS/MS. The mean±SD of plasma concentrations of ITZ, OH-ITZ, and keto-ITZ were 833±468, 798±454, and 3.94±2.68 μg/l, respectively. A greater correlation coefficient was observed between plasma concentrations of ITZ and OH-ITZ (r=0.90, P<0.01) than between OH-ITZ and keto-ITZ (r=0.44, P<0.01). Plasma concentration of OH-ITZ was inversely correlated with concentration ratio of keto-ITZ to OH-ITZ (r=-0.52, P<0.01). Plasma concentrations of ITZ and OH-ITZ were correlated with serum concentration of albumin (r=0.36, P=0.01 and r=0.37, P=0.01) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=-0.27, P=0.08 and r=-0.35, P=0.02). The pharmacokinetic variability of OH-ITZ was associated with saturated metabolism to keto-ITZ, serum concentration of albumin, and renal function in immunocompromised patients. The plasma concentration of OH-ITZ was strongly correlated with that of ITZ. Prevention of fungal infections can be improved by determining the plasma concentration of ITZ or OH-ITZ. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Yasuaki Mino, Takafumi Naito, Takayuki Watanabe, Takahiro Yamada, Tatsuya Yagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Junichi Kawakami. Hydroxy-itraconazole pharmacokinetics is similar to that of itraconazole in immunocompromised patients receiving oral solution of itraconazole. Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. 2013 Jan 16;415:128-32

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 23089073

View Full Text