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Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) frequently occurs in patients on hemodialysis (HD); however, little is known about the effectiveness of drugs. We compare the effects of sarpogrelate and cilostazol in HD patients with PAD. We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label, and multicenter trial for 24 weeks in HD patients with PAD. Thirty-five patients were divided into two groups: sarpogrelate (n = 17) and cilostazol (n = 18). We analyzed changes in skin perfusion pressure (SPP), levels of oxidative stress biomarkers, and adverse events. At 24 weeks, SPP was increased in both groups (sarpogrelate, 43 ± 17 to 55 ± 15 mmHg; cilostazol, 49 ± 21 to 66 ± 29 mmHg; p < 0.05), and no difference was observed between the groups. Plasma pentosidine levels decreased in both groups (sarpogrelate, 0.65 ± 0.24 to 0.48 ± 0.12 mg/mL; cilostazol, 0.58 ± 0.22 to 0.47 ± 0.17 mg/mL; p < 0.05), and there were no differences between the groups. Serum malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) levels significantly increased only in cilostazol group (p < 0.05). There were no clinically significant safety concerns linked to the both drugs. Although blood pressure did not differ in both groups, heart rate increased only in cilostazol group from 77 ± 13 to 83 ± 16 beats per minute (p < 0.05). Sarpogrelate improves SPP in HD patients with PAD without increasing heart rate and serum MDA-LDL levels. We demonstrated that sarpogrelate is an effective and safe drug for the treatment of HD patients with PAD.


Sumi Hidaka, Shuzo Kobayashi, Masao Iwagami, Rei Isshiki, Daimu Tsutsumi, Yasuhiro Mochida, Kunihiro Ishioka, Machiko Oka, Kyoko Maesato, Hidekazu Moriya, Takayasu Ohtake. Sarpogrelate hydrochloride, a selective 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist, improves skin perfusion pressure of the lower extremities in hemodialysis patients with peripheral arterial disease. Renal failure. 2013;35(1):43-8

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PMID: 23110683

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