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We aimed to assess the ability of (131)I-Pyrimethamine scintigraphy to detect the lesions of Toxoplasma gondii infection. An experimental model of toxoplasmosis was developed. The presence of toxoplasmosis was confirmed 60 days after implantation. Pyrimethamine was radioiodinated with I-131. The radioligand was validated by the requisite quality control tests to check its radiolabeling efficiency, in vitro stability and radiochemical purity etc. (131)I-Pyrimethamine (specific activity: 7.08 MBq/µmol) was injected intravenously into the tail vein of the control and infected rats. Static whole body images of the rats were acquired under the gamma camera at 5 min, 45 min, 2 h, 6 h, and 24 h following the intravenous administration of the radioactivity (3.7 MBq/rat). Then the scintigraphic data were analyzed both visually and semiquantitatively. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn over the organs (thyroid, stomach, liver, bladder, and soft tissues) to calculate the ratios of the radiotracer in infected vs. control rats. The mean ratio of radiotracer in infected/control rats in the liver and diaphragm was over 1 at 45 min which persisted till 24 h. In conclusion, (131)I-Pyrimethamine may be useful agent for diagnosis toxoplasmosis especially involving liver and diaphragm, needs further preclinical validation before being extended for use in clinical applications.


Tonay Inceboz, Fatma Yurt Lambrecht, Erdem Surucu, Osman Yilmaz, Altug Yavasoglu, Kubra Durkan, Başak Baykara, Recep Bekis, Ahmet Uner. Preparation of (131)I-Pyrimethamine and evaluation for scintigraphy of experimentally Toxoplasma gondii-infected rats. Journal of drug targeting. 2013 Feb;21(2):175-9

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PMID: 23113799

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