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Calcium (Ca(2+)) is a major second messenger in plant signal transduction mediating stress- and developmental processes. Plant Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are mono-molecular Ca(2+)-sensor/protein kinase effector proteins, which perceive Ca(2+) signals and translate them into protein phosphorylation and thus represent an ideal tool for signal transduction. This review focuses on recent developments in CDPK structural analysis and CDPK in vivo phosphorylation substrate identification. We discuss mechanisms implicated in the in vivo regulation of CDPK activity including Ca(2+) binding to the CDPK EF-hands, Ca(2+)-triggered intra-molecular conformation changes, and CDPK (auto)-phosphorylation. Moreover, we address regulation and integration into signaling cascades of selected members of the plant CDPK family, for which in vivo function and phosphorylation in abiotic and biotic stress signaling have been demonstrated. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: 12th European Symposium on Calcium. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Anja Liese, Tina Romeis. Biochemical regulation of in vivo function of plant calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPK). Biochimica et biophysica acta. 2013 Jul;1833(7):1582-9

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PMID: 23123193

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