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The mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier catalyzes the transport of ADP and ATP across the mitochondrial inner membrane by switching between two different conformations. They can be blocked by two inhibitors: carboxyatractyloside (CATR) and bongkrekic acid (BA). Our understanding of the ADP/ATP transport process is largely based on analysis of structural differences between the individual inhibited states. The X-ray crystallographic three-dimensional structure of bovine ADP/ATP carrier isoform 1 (bAnc1p) complexed with CATR was determined, but the structure of the BA-carrier complex remains unknown. We recently investigated the conformational dynamics of bAnc1p in detergent solution using hydrogen/deuterium exchange and mass spectrometry (HDX-MS). This study shed light on some features of ADP/ATP translocation, but the mechanism itself and the organization of bAnc1p in the membrane required further investigation. This paper describes the first study of bAnc1p in the mitochondria on the whole-protein scale using HDX-MS. Membrane-embedded bAnc1p was deuterated and purified under HDX-MS-compatible conditions. Our results for the carrier in the mitochondrial inner membrane differed from those published for the carrier in a detergent solution. These differences were mainly in the upper half of the cavity that globally showed a limited H/D exchange whatever the complex analyzed and at the level of the matrix loops that were less accessible to the solvent in the BA-carrier complex than in the CATR-carrier complex. They are discussed with respect to published data for bAnc1p and have provided new insights into the conformation of the matrix loops of the bovine carrier in complex with BA in mitochondria.


Martial Rey, Eric Forest, Ludovic Pelosi. Exploring the conformational dynamics of the bovine ADP/ATP carrier in mitochondria. Biochemistry. 2012 Dec 4;51(48):9727-35

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PMID: 23136955

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