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Histone acetylation is a vital mechanism for the post-translational modifications of chromatin components. Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) are critical elements that determine histone acetylation and regulate chromatin dynamics and gene expression. While histone acetyltransferases have been well studied in mammals and Drosophila melanogaster, information from agriculturally important insect pests is still limited. In our effort to understand the epigenetic mechanisms regulating development in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Geometroidea), a major rice pest in many parts of Asia, two full-length cDNA sequences encoding HAT members of the GNAT and MYST family, namely NlElp3 and NlMof, respectively, were isolated and structurally and phylogenetically characterized. The NlElp3 contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 1656bp encoding a protein of 551 amino acids. The NlMof contains a 1353bp ORF encoding a protein of 450 amino acids. Sequence analysis showed that NlElp3 contains GNAT-type HAT domain and Radical SAM domain, and NlMof contains chromodomain and MOZ-SAS acetyltransferase domain. Multiple sequence alignments showed that NlElp3 and NlMof have high amino acid sequence identity with other insect homologues. Expression analysis of the NlElp3 and NlMof revealed significant differences in mRNA expression levels among N. lugens developmental stages, suggesting that HAT activities of NlElp3 and NlMof may be controlled, at least in part, by their developmental regulation. Remarkably, the mRNA expression levels of NlElp3 and NlMof in female adults were significantly higher than that in male adults, supporting an important role for both genes in female reproductive function in N. lugens. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Youli Zhu, Zhijuan Xie, Jian Wang, Yaping Liu, Jianjun Wang. Cloning and characterization of two genes coding for the histone acetyltransferases, Elp3 and Mof, in brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål). Gene. 2013 Jan 15;513(1):63-70

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PMID: 23142031

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