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Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is one of the most widely used parenteral antihypertensive agents in severe hypertension management. Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, mostly drug-induced, severe muco-cutoneous reaction with various complications and high mortality. A fifteen years old girl who is on hemodialysis for chronic renal insufficiency and was hospitalized for emergency management of hypertension, developed a diffuse maculopapular rash within minutes after SNP infusion. In 72 hours, approximately 40% of the body surface was involved with skin detachment indicating epidermal necrolysis and a skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of TEN. To the best of our knowledge there is no report of an association of SNP and TEN in the English literature and the clinical data exemplifying consequent IgE and non-IgE mediated hypersensitivity reactions are scanty. With this report we wanted to present a rare complication of SNP infusion indicating another rare occurrence of sequential IgE and non-IgE mediated hypersensitivity reactions.


Mehtap Kilic, Fadil Ozturk, Gurkan Genc, Sukru Nail Guner, Levent Yildiz, Recep Sancak. Sodium nitroprusside and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand. 2012 Sep;30(3):243-5

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PMID: 23156856

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