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Understanding biomechanics of the normal and arthritic ankle joint can aid in analysis of an underlying clinical problem and provide a strategic basis for a more optimal management. The challenge to the clinician and the biomechanist is that the mechanical complexity of the ankle joint still clouds current understanding. This article provides an overview of current understanding of functional ankle anatomy, how this function can be altered in the degenerated ankle, and how surgical intervention further affects foot and ankle biomechanics. The focus is on how altered loading of neighboring joints in the midfoot and hindfoot may induce postoperative joint remodeling and can manifest in secondary clinical problems. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Jess G Snedeker, Stephan H Wirth, Norman Espinosa. Biomechanics of the normal and arthritic ankle joint. Foot and ankle clinics. 2012 Dec;17(4):517-28

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PMID: 23158367

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