Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Gastric adaptive relaxation (GAR) is impaired in ~40% of functional dyspepsia (FD) patients, and nitric oxide (NO) released from inhibitory motor neurons plays an important role in this relaxation. Although the underlying molecular mechanism of GAR is poorly understood, transient receptor potential channel vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) mechano- and chemoreceptors are expressed in mouse intestinal inhibitory motor neurons and are involved in intestinal relaxation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of TRPV2 in inhibitory motor neurons throughout the mouse gastrointestinal tract and the contribution of TRPV2 to GAR. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses were used to detect TRPV2 mRNA and protein, respectively. Intragastric pressure was determined with an isolated mouse stomach. Gastric emptying (GE) in vivo was determined using a test meal. TRPV2 mRNA was detected throughout the mouse gastrointestinal tract, and TRPV2 immunoreactivity was detected in 84.3% of neuronal nitric oxide synthase-expressing myenteric neurons in the stomach. GAR, which was expressed as the rate of decline of intragastric pressure in response to volume stimuli, was significantly enhanced by the TRPV2 activator probenecid, and the enhancement was inhibited by the TRPV2 inhibitor tranilast. GE was significantly accelerated by TRPV2 agonist applications, and the probenecid-induced enhancement was significantly inhibited by tranilast coapplication. Mechanosensitive TRPV2 was expressed in inhibitory motor neurons in the mouse stomach and contributed to GAR and GE. TRPV2 may be a promising target for FD patients with impaired GAR.


Hiroshi Mihara, Nobuhiro Suzuki, Hidemoto Yamawaki, Makoto Tominaga, Toshiro Sugiyama. TRPV2 ion channels expressed in inhibitory motor neurons of gastric myenteric plexus contribute to gastric adaptive relaxation and gastric emptying in mice. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology. 2013 Feb 1;304(3):G235-40

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 23203157

View Full Text