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Investigate the effect of three-grade preventive health education and lifestyle intervention in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). Two hundred and ten selected cases needed for triple prevention were randomly divided into three groups, each group included 70 cases were undertaken for a three-year randomized controlled study. Group A, treated with Budesonide nasal spray. Group B, combined Budesonide nasal spray with Hydrochloric acid left Kabbah Sting nasal spray. Group C, taking health education management and lifestyle intervention on the basis of group B's therapy. A health lecture or health problems counseling and the dissemination of health education information were undertaken, quarterly. It was mainly for health knowledge awareness, and healthy behaviors formation rate guidance. Lifestyle intervention included a balanced diet, avoiding the allergens of living environment and aerobic exercise (daily 0.5-1.0 h). The score of the signs and symptoms in each group were obtained respectively at the beginning of study, 1 year after intervention and 3 years after intervention, as well as the comparison of patient compliance of follow-up. The improved score of the signs and symptoms, endoscopy and radiological results were used to evaluate the treatment effect. There was no significant difference among the score of signs and symptoms in three groups. Comparing in group, before intervention,1 year after intervention and 3 years after intervention, the signs and symptoms of patients in three groups had improvement at different degree. The score of four symptoms (rhinobyon, rhinorrhoea, rhinocnesmus, sneezing) and signs were significant lower than before the intervention, there were a significant difference (P < 0.05). There were 8 patients in group A (11.43%), 6 patients in group 13 (8.57%) and 1 patient in group C (1.43%) lost to follow-up at 3 years after the intervention. The patient compliance of group C was significantly higher than groups A and B. Triple prevention health education for AR can significantly improve the treatment compliance of AR patients for treatment, while ensuring clinical efficacy.

Citation

Xiaoling Liu, Hong Luo, Ye Yu, Jun Liu, Yan Jiang, Xuanxiang Fu, Nengbing Yan, Pengju Wang. Study of three-grade preventive health education and lifestyle intervention in the treatment of allergic rhinitis]. Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery. 2012 Sep;26(17):783-5, 788

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PMID: 23214314

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