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The fluid dynamics of the reproductive system of the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes F. (Orthoptera: Acrididae) was examined by the introduction of fluorescein-dextran (FD) into the hemocoel and observing its tissue specific sequestration. Male grasshoppers were observed to sequester FD first in the apical end of each sperm tube. FD then moved into the vasa deferentia and ejaculatory duct. This suggests that materials, that transit the hemolymph could be a component of the spermatophore in M. sanguinipes. Female grasshoppers were observed to sequester hemolymph FD into vitellogenic oocytes and to sometimes reuptake the FD during the resorption of oocytes in the formation of yellow bodies or corpora lutea. Female M. sanguinipes who performed long duration flight sequestered FD in their oocytes to a greater degree than controls as determined by fluorescence intensity data collected as the mean gray value of the flourescein emission channel. Transfer of hemolymph FD from males to females was observed at the pores along the margin of the operculum of eggs in the female common oviduct following mating. FD has the potential to be an effective tracker of male reproductive secretions and as a tool for the observation of insect reproductive tract development. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Nathan Jones, Tina Taub-Montemayor, Mary Ann Rankin. Fluorescein-dextran sequestration in the reproductive tract of the migratory grasshopper Melanoplus sanguinipes (Orthoptera, Acridiidae). Micron (Oxford, England : 1993). 2013 Mar;46:80-4

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PMID: 23276466

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