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To assess repeatability and reproducibility of spirometry measurements, and bronchodilator responsiveness (BDR), in healthy 3-6-year-old preschool children and those with asthma. Spirometry was performed before and 20 minutes after administering either inhaled placebo (for repeatability) or 400 μg salbutamol (for BDR) on two separate occasions (reproducibility) 3-23 days apart in asthmatic preschoolers and healthy controls. Lung Function Laboratory, Hospital de Dona Estefania, Lisbon. Healthy preschool children and those with physician-diagnosed asthma, recruited from local Health Clinics and Outpatient Clinic. Paired measurements of forced expired volume in 0.75 s (FEV(0.75)) and forced mid-expiratory flows (FEF(25-75)). Technically successful baseline results were obtained in 86% of children assessed. Paired data were obtained in 43 asthmatic and 22 controls (median (range) age: 5.1 (3.4-6.8) years). Baseline FEV(0.75) was significantly lower in asthmatic children (mean (SD): 90 (15)% predicted) than in controls (102 (13) % predicted; p<0.001). Within-occasion coefficient of repeatability following placebo was similar in both groups, being 10.4% in asthma and 13.2% in controls for FEV(0.75). Following bronchodilator, FEV(0.75) increased significantly more in asthmatic preschoolers (mean (SD): 15.0 (12) %) than in controls (4.5 (5) %; p<0.001), with no significant difference between groups post-bronchodilator. Between-occasion variability was similar to within-day repeatability in controls, but almost twice as high in asthmatic children. BDR can be assessed reliably using FEV(0.75) in wheezy preschoolers, provided within-subject variability and responsiveness in health are taken into consideration.

Citation

Luis Miguel Borrego, Janet Stocks, Isabel Almeida, Sanja Stanojevic, João Antunes, Paula Leiria-Pinto, José E Rosado-Pinto, Ah-Fong Hoo. Bronchodilator responsiveness using spirometry in healthy and asthmatic preschool children. Archives of disease in childhood. 2013 Feb;98(2):112-7

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PMID: 23292523

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