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Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting tumors account for approximately 10% of Cushing's syndrome (CS). We present an extremely rare case of a patient with CS caused by an ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma (EAPA) of the ethmoid sinus. The tumor was identified by positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) using the somatostatin receptor analogue Ga-68-DOTANOC. Transnasal endoscopic resection was performed and the patient showed significant clinical improvement with normalization of the endocrine pituitary axis. Immunostaining showed a somatostatin receptor 2 and 5-positive ACTH-producing adenoma. In patients with ectopic ACTH secretion, Ga-68-DOTANOC-PET/CT may play an important role in the localization of EAPA. Transnasal endoscopic resection is the therapy of choice. Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

Citation

Johannes A Veit, Bernhard Boehm, Markus Luster, Angelika Scheuerle, Nicole Rotter, Gerhard Rettinger, Marc Scheithauer. Detection of paranasal ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma by Ga-68-DOTANOC positron-emission tomography-computed tomography. The Laryngoscope. 2013 May;123(5):1132-5

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PMID: 23299948

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