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Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor 2 (LAIR2) was identified on a global gene expression microarray analysis of surplus chorionic villus sampling (CVS) tissues as down-regulated in the first trimester of preeclampsia pregnancies. LAIR2 is the soluble receptor counterpart to LAIR1, an inhibitory receptor found on multiple immune cell subsets. In situ and immunohistochemical studies have previously shown that placental expression of LAIR2 expression is highly restricted, confined to the more distal portions of extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cell columns. This study examines LAIR2 expression in deeper layers of trophoblasts in the placental implantation site, maternal decidua and maternal spiral arterioles. Immunohistochemical staining detected LAIR2 expression on a subset of EVT within the implantation site. This trophoblast included the invasive EVT infiltrating the maternal decidual vessels and the EVT forming the endovascular trophoblastic plugs. More specifically, LAIR2-positive EVT showed a striking predilection for maternal decidual arterioles and the immediately surrounding decidua. Moreover, the appearance of EVT expressing LAIR2 in these areas was contemporaneous with the process of spiral arteriole remodeling. Based on these findings, we suggest that LAIR2-expressing EVT may play an important role in the remodeling of maternal spiral arterioles. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


S A Founds, B Fallert-Junecko, T A Reinhart, W T Parks. LAIR2-expressing extravillous trophoblasts associate with maternal spiral arterioles undergoing physiologic conversion. Placenta. 2013 Mar;34(3):248-55

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PMID: 23332415

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