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In the present study we examined the effects of lithium chloride on the Corydoras aeneus caudal fin regeneration. After caudal fin amputation, the fish were exposed 3h daily to 35 mM lithium chloride for 9 days. The effects of lithium chloride treatment were evaluated by analyzing the caudal fin structure at 3, 6 and 9 days after amputation. Comparison of normal and LiCl treated fish clearly shows that regeneration of amputated caudal fins was inhibited or delayed after lithium treatment. By the third day after amputation (dpa) either no epidermal cap or blastema ever formed or the epidermal cap had an abnormal morphology in lithium treated fish. By the 3 and 6 dpa no lepidotrichial matrix deposition was observed in the lithium treated fish compared to control fish. Unlike the control fish that completely regenerate their caudal fins after 9 dpa and have fully mineralized lepidotrichia, lithium treated fish have small blastema. In some treated fish, small amounts of new lepidotrichial matrix were observed at this time, in some fin rays. Ultrastructural observations have shown differences between control and lithium treated fish. Thus, in the lithium treated fish we observed expanded intercellular spaces between epidermal cells and many apoptotic cells. Results of this study suggest the use of this model in elucidating the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for regeneration of complex structures such as fish fins. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Otilia Zarnescu, Simona Stavri, Lucia Moldovan. Inhibition of caudal fin regeneration in Corydoras aeneus by lithium chloride. Micron (Oxford, England : 1993). 2013 Mar;46:66-75

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PMID: 23352777

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