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Aerosol flow reactor is used to generate solid-state nanoparticles in a one-step process that is based on drying of aerosol droplets in continuous flow. We investigated the applicability of aerosol flow reactor method to prepare solid state DNA nanoparticles. Precursor solutions of plasmid DNA with or without complexing agent (polyethylenimine), coating material (l-leucine) and mannitol (bulking material) were dispersed to nanosized droplets and instantly dried in laminar heat flow. Particle morphology, integrity and stability were studied by scanning electron microscopy. The stability of DNA was studied by gel electrophoresis. Plasmid DNA as such degraded in the aerosol flow process. Complexing agent protected DNA from degradation and coating material enabled production of dispersed, non-aggregated, nanoparticles. The resulting nanoparticles were spherical and their mean diameter ranged from 65 to 125nm. The nanoparticles were structurally stable at room temperature and their DNA content was about 10%. We present herein the proof of principle for the production of dispersed solid state nanoparticles with relevant size and intact plasmid DNA. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Janne Raula, Martina Hanzlíková, Antti Rahikkala, Juho Hautala, Esko I Kauppinen, Arto Urtti, Marjo Yliperttula. Gas-phase synthesis of solid state DNA nanoparticles stabilized by l-leucine. International journal of pharmaceutics. 2013 Feb 28;444(1-2):155-61

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PMID: 23352859

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