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A ruthenium(II) complex-based carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor, [Ru(bpy)2(bpybs)](2+) {bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine and bpybs = 4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridinyl-4-carboxylic acid (2-{2-[(4-sulphamoylbenzoylamino)ethoxy]ethoxy}ethyl)amide}, tethering a benzenesulfonamide group and a [Ru(bpy)3](2+) moiety has been prepared. The CA activity was effectively suppressed by a synthetic [Ru(bpy)2(bpybs)](2+) inhibitor, and the dissociation constant at pH 7.2 and at 25 °C was determined to be KI = 1.9 ± 0.2 μM. Next, in the presence of CA and a sacrificial electron acceptor, such as pentaamminechlorocobalt(III) complex, the photoexcited triplet state of (3)([Ru(bpy)2(bpybs)](2+))* was quenched through an intermolecular photoinduced ET mechanism to form the oxidized [Ru(bpy)2(bpybs)](3+), followed by the intramolecular electron abstraction from an amino-acid residue near the active site of CA. The resulting oxidized CA was catalytically inactive. Kinetic experiments also revealed that the second-order rate constant for the initial step and the first-order rate constant for the second step under our experimental conditions were kq = 4.8 × 10(7) M(-1) s(-1) and kIET = 6.6 × 10(4) s(-1), respectively. Thus, the intramolecular ET between CA and [Ru(bpy)2(bpybs)](3+) is a crucial event to regulate CA activity by the visible light irradiation of a synthetic [Ru(bpy)3](2+)-type inhibitor.


Hiroshi Takashima, Misa Fukuda, Fumie Nakagaki, Tomoko Ogata, Keiichi Tsukahara. Photoinduced electron-transfer reactions of carbonic anhydrase inhibitor containing tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) analogue. The journal of physical chemistry. B. 2013 Mar 7;117(9):2625-35

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PMID: 23406259

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