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We must understand the conditions during the onset of allergic reactions induced by anticancer drugs in order to respond with an appropriate treatment. We have therefore conducted this study, focusing on allergic reactions induced by each anticancer drug used in outpatient chemotherapy. Allergic reactions occurred in a total of 3.9% (76 cases), most of which were induced by platinum and taxane anticancer drugs. The number of administrations at symptom onset and the times of onset for platinums and taxanes were 11. 7±1. 3 times and 43. 3±4. 8 minutes for platinum; and 2. 3±0. 5 times and 18. 1± 3. 6 minutes for taxanes, respectively. This demonstrated a significant difference between these two drugs(both were p< 0. 01). In terms of re-administration following the onset of allergic reactions, 21 cases(72. 4%)out of 29 cases(38. 2%) were able to continue the administration of suspected drugs. We studied various factors surrounding the possibility of continued administration to two groups which were or were not able to continue receiving treatment. No significant differences were observed between the groups. For continuous safe treatment, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of allergic reactions induced by each anticancer drug. It is also advisable to consider possible precautions(by introducing prevention regimens)and appropriate measures at the time of re-administration, following the onset of allergic reactions.


Tomoko Matsuoka, Tomoaki Yoshimura, Hiroki Asano, Shino Adachi, Kazutomo Okada, Tadashi Yasuda. Induction of allergic reactions by anticancer drugs in outpatient chemotherapy]. Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy. 2013 Feb;40(2):209-14

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PMID: 23411957

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