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Laboratory experiments using in situ Raman imaging combined with ex situ TOF-S-SIMS demonstrate the behavior of CdSO4·8/3H2O microparticles in contact with 101¯4 CaCO3 (calcite) surface under three different experimental conditions representative of unpolluted atmosphere. The contact of CdSO4·8/3H2O particles with CaCO3 surface in humid air (RH∼40-80%) does not induce any chemical reaction. In contrast, the condensation of a water drop on CdSO4·8/3H2O/CaCO3 interface causes the free dissolution of CdSO4·8/3H2O particle in the drop. A CdSO4·8/3H2O microcrystal is reformed after gentle drying with a CdSO4·H2O coating of the CaCO3 surface. The TOF-S-SIMS image of the CaCO3 surface provides evidence of a thin layer corresponding probably to insoluble coating of CdCO3 (otavite) or CdxCa1-xCO3 solid solution at the liquid-solid interface. This layer armours the CaCO3 from further dissolution and stops the reaction. The deposition of CdSO4·8/3H2O particle in water drop previously in contact with CaCO3 for a long time generates CdCO3 small rhombohedral crystals while gentle drying provokes the crystallization of bar shape crystals of CaSO4·2H2O (gypsum). These laboratory results provide valuable chemical prediction for a possible fate of cadmium rich particles emitted in the atmosphere and thus, can contribute to realistic assessment of human exposure to Cd hazard. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Guillaume Falgayrac, Sophie Sobanska, Claude Brémard. Heterogeneous microchemistry between CdSO4 and CaCO3 particles under humidity and liquid water. Journal of hazardous materials. 2013 Mar 15;248-249:415-23

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PMID: 23416486

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