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WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Antichollnergic agents are anticipated to diminish storage symptoms, as well as nocturia. Nevertheless, the effect of this treatment on polyuria related to nocturia is not clear. By subgroup analysis of the data set from a phase III clinical trial of antimuscarinic agent for OAB patients in Japan, imidafenacin was found to improve nocturia with a reduction in nocturnal polyuria. This study adds the effects and underlying mechanism of antimuscarinic agents decreasing urine production through inhibition of C-fibre in the bladder of water-leaded rats. To evaluate the effects and underlying mechanisms of antimuscarinic agents used to decrease in urine production in water-loaded rats. Urine production was measured using a cystostomy catheter in female Sprague-Dawley rats every 2 h. The effect of the antimuscarinic agents atropine, tolterodine and imidafenacin on urine production was investigated under water-loaded conditions, which were induced by i.p. injection of 15 mL saline. Blood samples were collected to determine the levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), aldosterone (ALD), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) before, and 2 and 8 h after, antimuscarinic agent administration. To induce desensitization of C-fibre afferent nerves, resiniferatoxin (RTX)was injected s.c. or intravesically 2 days before experiments. Urine production increased and reached its maximum 2 h after 15 mL saline injection. Imidafenacin and tolterodine decreased urine production in water-loaded rats, but ADH, ALD, ANP and BNP levels were not different between imidafenacin-treated and vehicle-treated rats. The inhibitory effect on urine production was not found in RTX-treated rats. Atropine did not reduce urine production. These results suggest that antimuscarinic agents decrease urine volume through C-fibres in the bladder; thus, antimuscarinics with inhibitory effects on C-fibres could be beneficial for nocturia with nocturnal polyuria. © 2013 BJU International.


Nozomu Watanabe, Hironobu Akino, Tetsuyuki Kurokawa, Minekatu Taga, Ryusei Yokokawa, Kazuya Tanase, Keiko Nagase, Osamu Yokoyama. Antidiuretic effect of antimuscarinic agents in rat model depends on C-fibre afferent nerves in the bladder. BJU international. 2013 Jul;112(1):131-6

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PMID: 23432937

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