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Z-plasty is one of the most widely employed techniques in plastic surgery and mainly serves the following purposes: elongation along the axis of the scar, dispersal of the scar followed by breaking up the straight-line scar and realigning the scar within the lines of minimal tension. It is useful especially to release linear-scar contracture, yet difficult for wide scars. This report describes a novel technique to release contracture effectively for any wide scars using a new design called double combined Z-plasty. The design is simple. The main limb is set to incise the wide scar, and this main limb is shared as a peripheral limb by two other Z-plasty designs. From the main limb, each central limb is designed along the margin of the scar in the opposite direction. The main and central limbs have 90° between them. Other peripheral limbs are then designed facing laterally to the intact skin to make 60° for the central limb. After skin incision, two triangular intact skin flaps could be inserted into the wide scar from both sides, making it possible to release contracture. We performed this technique on eight patients. All wounds healed well and scar contracture was satisfactorily released. This procedure is very useful for wide-scar contracture, compared to conventional Z-plasty. Copyright © 2013 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Takatoshi Yotsuyanagi, Ken Yamashita, Ayako Gonda, Shinji Kato, Asuka Sugai, Tetsuo Yamada, Musashi Kayama, Kanae Ikeda, Makoto Yamauchi, Tamotsu Saito. Double combined Z-plasty for wide-scar contracture release. Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS. 2013 May;66(5):629-33

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PMID: 23434195

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