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Dronedarone is a novel class III antiarrhythmic drug with moderate efficacy in preventing atrial arrhythmias. However, only few data from the real-world use of dronedarone with limited electrocardiographic monitoring are available. The investigators report the incidence, timing, and reasons for discontinuation of dronedarone; maintenance of sinus rhythm; and atrial arrhythmia recurrence patterns in 120 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation (AF; n = 91) or non-isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (n = 29) treated with dronedarone (400 mg twice daily). Rhythm control was assessed with serial 7-day Holter electrocardiography after 4 weeks and after 6 to 9 months. After drug initiation, dronedarone was discontinued in 19 patients (16%) because of inefficacy (n = 7 [6%]) or adverse events (n = 12 [10%]). At 4 weeks, 44 patients (37%) had stopped taking dronedarone because of inefficacy (n = 27 [23%]) or adverse events (n = 17 [14%]). After 6 to 9 months, 25 patients (21%) had discontinued dronedarone because of clinical inefficacy (n = 16 [13%]) or adverse events (n = 9 [8%]). Overall, dronedarone was still used after 6 to 9 months in 32 patients (27%). Maintenance of sinus rhythm was achieved in 40 patients (33%) after 4 weeks and in 24 patients (20%) after 6 to 9 months. Reversal from persistent to paroxysmal arrhythmias was observed in 23 patients, (29%) whereas progression from paroxysmal to persistent arrhythmias occurred in 6 patients (15%). Conversion from AF to non-isthmus-dependent atrial flutter was noted in 10 patients (13%). In conclusion, dronedarone is associated with frequent adverse events and moderate antiarrhythmic efficacy requiring discontinuation in most patients within the first 9 months of use, and there is a prevalent reversal from persistent to paroxysmal but also from paroxysmal to persistent atrial arrhythmias and from AF to non-isthmus-dependent atrial flutter. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Susanne Löbe, Jozef Salmáš, Silke John, Jelena Kornej, Daniela Husser, Gerhard Hindricks, Andreas Bollmann. Usefulness of dronedarone in patients with atrial arrhythmias. The American journal of cardiology. 2013 May 1;111(9):1311-4

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PMID: 23465099

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