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There is a need for methods that would enable monitoring of the effects of immunosuppression on the recipient's immune system to avoid rejection, immunodeficiency-related complications and non-immune toxicities of the drugs used in therapy. This prospective trial included thirty patients who underwent renal transplantation in our center. All patients received an interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) antagonist in combination with mycophenolate, corticosteroid and calcineurin inhibitor. During the first 6 weeks after transplantation, the anti-CD3-stimulated proliferative response of peripheral blood T lymphocytes (PBTL) was studied by cell cycle analysis. The proportion of PBTL in different phases of the cell cycle and expression of IL-2R were determined by flow cytometry. As an effect of quadruple immunosuppressive therapy including IL-2R antagonists, cell cycle analysis showed an incremental decrease in the proliferative response of PBTL during the first 6 weeks after renal transplantation. A sudden drop in the proportion of IL-2R-positive cells was observed immediately after the first dose of the IL-2R antagonist and a significant antiproliferative effect on PBTL after the second dose. In vitro, IL-2R antagonists showed a dose-dependent inhibition of the anti-CD3-stimulated proliferation of PBTL of healthy blood donors. Cell cycle analysis of the immune reactivity of renal allograft recipients may represent a valuable tool for the immunological posttransplant follow-up and optimization of the immunosuppressive therapy.

Citation

Stela Zivčić-Ćosić, Jasna Lisjak, Sanjin Rački, Zlatko Trobonjača. Immune reactivity of renal transplant recipients receiving interleukin-2 receptor antagonists during the early posttransplant period. International urology and nephrology. 2014 Jan;46(1):191-200

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PMID: 23515930

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