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A spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from the middle cerebral artery is most commonly caused by the rupture of saccular aneurysms and rarely by fusiform aneurysms or arterial dissections/dissecting aneurysms. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of an intraarterial neoplasm causing an SAH. A 44-year-old woman presented with an SAH in the basal cisterns. Subsequent internal carotid artery angiography demonstrated a small bulge on the superior wall of the horizontal (M1) segment of the middle cerebral artery. However, a pterional craniotomy revealed a well-circumscribed solitary tumor with a diameter of 15 mm involving the superior wall of the M1 segment as the cause of the SAH. Pathological examination demonstrated typical findings of a schwannoma, elongated cells with tapered, spindle-shaped nuclei and indistinct cell borders, and diffuse immunoreactivity for the S100 protein.


Jaechan Park, Dakeun Lee. Intraarterial schwannoma in horizontal segment of middle cerebral artery causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of neurosurgery. 2013 May;118(5):1069-71

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PMID: 23521549

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