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To examine ace-inhibitor (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) prescription and adherence patterns by race in diabetic public aid recipients. We analyzed prescription records of 27,529 adults aged 18-64 with diabetes who had at least one clinical indication for receiving an ACEI/ ARB prescription and were enrolled in the State of Illinois public aid program during 2007. We calculated proportion of days covered (PDC) to assess adherence. Multivariate models adjusted for age, sex, ACEI/ARB indication, and any significant interaction terms. Only 47.4% of individuals with at least one indication for ACEI/ARB had filled an ACEI/ARB prescription. African American men were more likely than Caucasian men to ever fill an ACEI/ARB prescription (adjusted odds ratio, [AOR] [95% CI] 1.69 [1.55-1.83]). Hispanic English and Spanish speaking men were also more likely than Caucasian men to ever fill an ACEI/ARB prescription (AOR [95% CI] 1.37 [1.16-1.62] and 1.27 [1.05-1.53], respectively). Similarly, African American and Hispanic English and Spanish speaking women were more likely than Caucasian women to ever fill an ACEI/ARB prescription (AOR [95% CI] 1.70 [1.59-1.81], 1.55 (1.36-1.76), and 1.98 (1.73-2.28), respectively. However, African Americans and Hispanics were less likely than Caucasians to achieve a PDC> or =80%. Compared to Caucasians, Hispanic Spanish speakers were the least likely to be adherent (AOR [95% CI] .49 [.41-.58]). Furthermore, older individuals were more likely to achieve a PDC> or =80% than younger individuals. African Americans and Hispanics with diabetes receiving public aid in Illinois were more likely than Caucasians to have filled at least one ACEI/ARB prescription. However, they were less adherent with these medications. Future studies should assess barriers to medication adherence in this population.

Citation

Claudia M Lora, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Daniel R Touchette, Jing Jin, Xiaojing Hu, Weihua Gao, Ben S Gerber. ACE inhibitor and ARB medication use among Medicaid enrollees with diabetes. Ethnicity & disease. 2013;23(2):189-95

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PMID: 23530300

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