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Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has been associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. However, few studies have specifically examined the association between SCH and myocardial infarction (MI), and the relationship is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate incident MI risk in relation to SCH and severities of SCH among postmenopausal women. We used a population-based nested case-cohort design within the Women's Health Initiative observational study to examine the association between SCH and incident first-time MI risk among postmenopausal women in the United States. SCH was assessed using blood specimens collected at baseline. Participants presenting with normal free T4 levels and with thyrotropin levels of greater than 4.68-6.99 mU/L or 7.00 mU/L or greater were defined as having mild SCH or moderate/severe SCH, respectively. MI cases were centrally adjudicated by trained Women's Health Initiative staff. The primary analysis included 736 incident MI cases and 2927 randomly selected subcohort members. Multivariable adjusted Cox-proportional hazard models were used to assess MI risk in relation to SCH. Compared with euthyroid participants, the multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for participants with any SCH was 1.05 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77-1.44]. HRs for participants with mild SCH, moderate/severe SCH, and moderate/severe SCH and the presence of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) were 0.99 (95% CI 0.67-1.46), 1.19 (95% CI 0.72-1.96), and 0.90 (95% CI 0.47-1.74), respectively. We did not find evidence to suggest that SCH is associated with increased MI risk among a population of predominantly older postmenopausal women with no prior history of MI.

Citation

Vicky A LeGrys, Michele Jonsson Funk, Carol E Lorenz, Ayush Giri, Rebecca D Jackson, JoAnn E Manson, Robin Schectman, Todd L Edwards, Gerardo Heiss, Katherine E Hartmann. Subclinical hypothyroidism and risk for incident myocardial infarction among postmenopausal women. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2013 Jun;98(6):2308-17

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PMID: 23539723

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