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Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its number has been increasing. CKD is a worldwide threat to health but the precise mechanism of this problem is not fully appreciated. It is believed that hyperglycemia is one of the most important metabolic factors in the development of DN. Multiple molecular mechanisms have been proposed to mediate hyperglycemia's adverse effects on kidney. To identify targets for therapeutic intervention, most studies have focused on understanding how abnormal levels of such metabolities cause DN. However, there have been few reports regarding endogenous renal protective factors. Thus, recognition of the importance of this could be providing a new perspective for understanding the development of DN and a new therapeutic paradigm to combat DN. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Akira Mima. Diabetic nephropathy: protective factors and a new therapeutic paradigm. Journal of diabetes and its complications. 2013 Sep-Oct;27(5):526-30

PMID: 23619194

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