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Abstract Cerebral abscess caused by Candida spp. is a rare disease, with a nonspecific presentation, little data on treatment, and generally poor outcomes. We present a case of this type of Candida infection in a 57-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and intravenous drug abuse, and review the literature on this disease. Our patient had a good treatment outcome with liposomal amphotericin B and flucytosine, followed by oral fluconazole. Comorbidities include prior antibiotic use (52%), prior surgery (28%), malignancy (28%), stem cell or solid organ transplant (20%), prior corticosteroid use (16%), central venous catheter (CVC) insertion (10%), and burns (7%). Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion, as clinical presentations and laboratory data can be nonspecific and difficult to differentiate from bacterial cerebral abscesses. In reviewed cases, 55% of blood cultures and 23% of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures were positive for Candida spp. and outcomes were poor, as the mortality rate of the non-autopsy cases reviewed was 69%.


Andrea M Fennelly, Amy K Slenker, Lara C Murphy, Michael Moussouttas, Joseph A Desimone. Candida cerebral abscesses: a case report and review of the literature. Medical mycology : official publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology. 2013 Oct;51(7):779-84

PMID: 23651179

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