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Protein-lipid interactions play an important role in lipid metabolism, membrane trafficking and cell -signaling by regulating protein localization, activation, and function. The Fat Blot assay is a relatively simple and inexpensive method to examine these interactions using nitrocellulose membrane-immobilized lipids. The assay is adapted from the method by Dowler et al. (Sci STKE 129:pl6, 2002) and provides qualitative and quantitative information on the relative affinity with which a protein binds to a particular lipid. To perform a Fat Blot assay, serial dilutions of different phospholipids are spotted onto a nitrocellulose membrane. These membranes are then incubated with a lipid-binding protein possessing a GST (or other epitope) tag. The membranes are washed and the protein, which is bound to the membrane by virtue of its interaction with the lipid's head group, is detected by immunoblotting with an antibody against GST (or other epitope). The procedure only requires a few micrograms of protein and is quick, simple and cheap to perform.


Teun Munnik, Magdalena Wierzchowiecka. Lipid-binding analysis using a fat blot assay. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2013;1009:253-9

PMID: 23681540

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