Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The carcinogenic potential of trichloroethylene (TCE) continues to generate much controversy, even after the US Environmental Protection Agency raised its classification to 'carcinogenic to humans'. We conducted a meta-analysis of published cohort and case-control studies exploring occupational TCE exposure in relation to five different lymphatic and haematopoietic cancers: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, N=24), Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL, N=13), multiple myeloma (MM, N=11), leukaemia (N=12) and chronic/small lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL/SLL, N=7).  Studies published between 1950 and 2011 were identified through a PubMed Medline search. All studies included in analyses were classified as those that assessed either occupational TCE exposure specifically ('TCE-exposure' studies) or a broader classification of all chlorinated solvents ('chlorinated solvent-exposure' studies).  A significantly raised summary estimate for NHL was seen for all cohort and case-control 'TCE-exposure' studies combined (N=19; relative risk (RR)=1.32, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.54; I(2)=25.20; p-heterogeneity=0.12) and for cohort 'TCE-exposure' studies (N=10; RR=1.52, 95% CI 1.29 to 1.79; I(2)=7.09; p-heterogeneity=0.63). A non-significant but raised summary estimate was seen for NHL case-control 'TCE-exposure' studies. No significant association with NHL risk was detected overall for any 'chlorinated solvent-exposure' studies. Summary estimates for occupational TCE exposure were not associated with risk of HL, MM, leukaemia or CLL/SLL.  Our updated meta-analysis of NHL, which incorporates new analytical results from three cohort and four case-control studies, supports an association between occupational TCE exposure and NHL.


Sara Karami, Bryan Bassig, Patricia A Stewart, Kyoung-Mu Lee, Nathaniel Rothman, Lee E Moore, Qing Lan. Occupational trichloroethylene exposure and risk of lymphatic and haematopoietic cancers: a meta-analysis. Occupational and environmental medicine. 2013 Aug;70(8):591-9

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 23723297

View Full Text