Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

We have undertaken this study to investigate the feasibility of topical application of the radioprotective compound WR-2721 to the buccal mucosa. Saliva samples were collected from 5 volunteers and were reconstituted in 3 amifostine solutions. Measurements of amifostine and WR-1065 contents were performed at 6 different time points. Young-adult guinea pigs were topically administered amifostine 50 and 100 mg to each buccal mucosa. At 0, 15 and 30 min after application, the blood samples obtained from the heart and the buccal tissues were prepared for the analysis of amifostine and WR-1065. There was no significant difference between the 3 concentrations of amifostine in saliva in vitro at any of the 6 study time points (p > 0.05). No WR-1065 was detected in saliva. In the guinea pigs from groups A and B, there were significant differences in concentrations of amifostine and WR-1065 in the tissues between the 0-min and 15-min subgroups and between the 0-min and 30-min subgroups (p < 0.05). The concentrations of amifostine and WR-1065 from the 15-min and 30-min subgroups did not differ statistically (p > 0.05). It is feasible to administer topical amifostine (WR-2721) to mucosa to prevent radiation-induced oral mucositis, and systemic absorption is negligible. Relatively high concentrations of amifostine in human saliva in vitro were maintained, although some inconsistent changes are observed. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Changjiang Li, Shengzi Wang, Taomin Huang, Nianzu Chen, Meixian Ou. Feasibility study of the pharmacology of local application of amifostine (WR-2721) to the buccal mucosa in guinea pigs. Pharmacology. 2013;91(5-6):281-6

PMID: 23736649

View Full Text