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Upregulation of the lysosomal system has been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). But the exact role of this system remains unknown. Okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase-2A inhibitor, increases tau phosphorylation, β-amyloid deposition, and neuronal cell death, which are the pathological hallmarks of AD. To investigate the role of lysosomal activation in AD brain cells, cultured neurons were treated with OA and assessed lysosomal morphology and enzyme activity and the protective effect of cathepsin B, D, or L inhibitors. It was found that although it induced lysosomal swelling and enzyme activation, OA did not induce lysosomal rupture. While inhibition of cathepsin D and L failed to protect neurons from OA-induced cell death, CA074-Me, a cathepsin B inhibitor, conferred a protective effect. Interestingly, CA-074Me reduced amyloid precursor protein (APP) accumulation and α-spectrin cleavage, similar to the effect of calpain inhibition. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kwangmin Cho, Seung Yong Yoon, Jung Eun Choi, Hoe Jin Kang, He Yoon Jang, Dong-Hou Kim. CA-074Me, a cathepsin B inhibitor, decreases APP accumulation and protects primary rat cortical neurons treated with okadaic acid. Neuroscience letters. 2013 Aug 26;548:222-7

PMID: 23748042

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