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Starburst triarylamine-based organic dyes (D1, D2, and D3) have been synthesized. For the three designed dyes, the starburst triarylamine group, thiophene (or 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), and cyanoacetic acid take the role of electron donor, π-conjugation bridge, and electron acceptor, respectively. These compounds are characterized by photophysical, electrochemical, and theoretical computational methods. Nanocrystalline TiO2-based dye-sensitized solar cells were fabricated using these molecules as light-harvesting sensitizers. The overall efficiencies of the sensitized cells range from 5.48 to 6.15%. It was found that the introduction of the EDOT group in D3 bathochromically extended the absorption spectra, resulting in a leap in the photovoltaic performance in comparison to D2. Incorporation of a hydrophobic carbazole-containing segment at D2 relative with D1 retarded the electron transfer from TiO2 to the oxidized dye or electrolyte, leading to an increase of electron lifetime.


Li-Lin Tan, Hong-Yan Chen, Li-Feng Hao, Yong Shen, Li-Min Xiao, Jun-Min Liu, Dai-Bin Kuang, Cheng-Yong Su. Starburst triarylamine based dyes bearing a 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene linker for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP. 2013 Jul 28;15(28):11909-17

PMID: 23764958

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