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LY2878735 is a novel dual serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) and norepinephrine (NE) reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) in development for chronic pain indications. In vitro profile suggests a more balanced profile as compared with other SNRI's, which is expected to confer superior clinical efficacy. LY2878735 is metabolized partly by the genetically polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 pathway, raising pharmacokinetic (PK) variability concerns. Phase 1 PK and biomarker data were analyzed by pharmacometric methods to characterize the balance between dual-target engagement and adverse effects on heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). A narrow range of plasma LY2878735 levels was associated with an acceptable balance. As compared with poor metabolizers (PM), CYP2D6 extensive metabolizers (EM) have 21- and threefold higher clearance and distribution volume, respectively. Even with a CYP2D6-based dosing paradigm, a superior therapeutic index comparable to duloxetine, a widely used SNRI, was not achievable and LY2878735 development was thus terminated. Model-based approach effectively synthesizes PK-pharmacodynamic (PD) relationships, enabling efficient early development decisions.CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology (2013) 2, e66; doi:10.1038/psp.2013.43; published online 21 August 2013.


E Raddad, M R Melhem, J S Sloan-Lancaster, J W Miller, S A Van Wart, C M Rubino. Pharmacometric Analyses to Support Early Development Decisions for LY2878735: A Novel Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor. CPT: pharmacometrics & systems pharmacology. 2013;2:e66

PMID: 23965782

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