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PIH1D1 is the defining component of the R2TP complex. Recently, R2TP has been reported to stabilize mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), an important regulator of cell growth and protein synthesis. Two complexes of mTOR, mTORC1 and mTORC2, have been identified. We demonstrate that immunoprecipitation (IP) of PIH1D1 results in the co-IP of Raptor (mTORC1 specific), but not Rictor (mTORC2 specific), and that knockdown of PIH1D1 decreases mTORC1 assembly, S6 kinase phosphorylation (indicator of mTORC1 activity), and rRNA transcription without affecting mTORC2 in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. In addition, we provide evidence that PIH1D1 is overexpressed in various breast cancer cell lines. These findings collectively suggest that PIH1D1 may have an important role in mTORC1 regulation in breast cancers. Copyright © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Yuya Kamano, Makio Saeki, Hiroshi Egusa, Yoshito Kakihara, Walid A Houry, Hirofumi Yatani, Yoshinori Kamisaki. PIH1D1 interacts with mTOR complex 1 and enhances ribosome RNA transcription. FEBS letters. 2013 Oct 11;587(20):3303-8

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PMID: 24036451

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