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    Mitochondrial fission is mediated by the dynamin-related protein Drp1 in metazoans. Drp1 is recruited from the cytosol to mitochondria by the mitochondrial outer membrane protein Mff. A second mitochondrial outer membrane protein, named Fis1, was previously proposed as recruitment factor, but Fis1(-/-) cells have mild or no mitochondrial fission defects. Here we show that Fis1 is nevertheless part of the mitochondrial fission complex in metazoan cells. During the fission cycle, Drp1 first binds to Mff on the surface of mitochondria, followed by entry into a complex that includes Fis1 and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins at the ER-mitochondrial interface. Mutations in Fis1 do not normally affect fission, but they can disrupt downstream degradation events when specific mitochondrial toxins are used to induce fission. The disruptions caused by mutations in Fis1 lead to an accumulation of large LC3 aggregates. We conclude that Fis1 can act in sequence with Mff at the ER-mitochondrial interface to couple stress-induced mitochondrial fission with downstream degradation processes.

    Citation

    Qinfang Shen, Koji Yamano, Brian P Head, Sumihiro Kawajiri, Jesmine T M Cheung, Chunxin Wang, Jeong-Hoon Cho, Nobutaka Hattori, Richard J Youle, Alexander M van der Bliek. Mutations in Fis1 disrupt orderly disposal of defective mitochondria. Molecular biology of the cell. 2014 Jan;25(1):145-59

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    PMID: 24196833

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