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PriB is a basic 10-kDa protein that acts as a facilitator in PriA-dependent replication restart in Escherichia coli. PriB has an OB-fold dimer structure and exhibits single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding activities similar to single-stranded binding protein (SSB). In this study, we examined PriB's interaction with ssDNA (oligo-dT35, -dT15, and -dT7) using heteronuclear NMR analysis. Interestingly, (1)H or (15)N chemical shift changes of the PriB main-chain showed two distinct modes using oligo-dT35. The chemical shift perturbation sites in the primary mode were consistent with the main contact site in PriB-ssDNA, which was previously determined by crystal structure analysis. The results also suggested that approximately 8nt in ssDNA was the main contact site to PriB. In the secondary mode, residues in the α-helix region (His57-Ser65) and in β4-loop3-β5 were mainly perturbed. On the other hand, we examined the state of ssDNA by FRET using 5'-Cy3- and 3'-Cy5-modified oligo-dT35. As the PriB concentration increased, two-step saturation curves were observed in the FRET assay, suggesting a compact structure of ssDNA. Moreover, we confirmed two-step PriB binding to oligo-dT35 using EMSA. The pH dependence of FRET suggested contribution of the His residues. Therefore, we prepared His mutants of PriB and found that His64 in the α-helix region contributed to the second interaction between PriB and ssDNA using FRET and EMSA. Thus, from a structural standpoint, we suggested the role of His64 on the compactness of the PriB-ssDNA complex and on the positive cooperativity of PriB. © 2013.


Saki Fujiyama, Yoshito Abe, Taichi Takenawa, Takahiko Aramaki, Seijiro Shioi, Tsutomu Katayama, Tadashi Ueda. Involvement of histidine in complex formation of PriB and single-stranded DNA. Biochimica et biophysica acta. 2014 Feb;1844(2):299-307

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PMID: 24200676

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