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    In our previous study, the CS-56 antibody, which recognizes a chondroitin sulfate moiety, labeled a subset of adult brain astrocytes, yielding a patchy extracellular matrix pattern. To explore the molecular nature of CS-56-labeled glycoproteins, we purified glycoproteins of the adult mouse cerebral cortex using a combination of anion-exchange, charge-transfer, and size-exclusion chromatographies. One of the purified proteins was identified as tenascin-R (TNR) by mass spectrometric analysis. When we compared TNR mRNA expression patterns with the distribution patterns of CS-56-positive cells, TNR mRNA was detected in CS-56-positive astrocytes. To examine the functions of TNR in astrocytes, we first confirmed that cultured astrocytes also expressed TNR protein. TNR knockdown by siRNA expression significantly reduced glutamate uptake in cultured astrocytes. Furthermore, expression of mRNA and protein of excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (GLAST), which is a major component of astrocytic glutamate transporters, was reduced by TNR knockdown. Our results suggest that TNR is expressed in a subset of astrocytes and contributes to glutamate homeostasis by regulating astrocytic GLAST expression.


    Hiroaki Okuda, Kouko Tatsumi, Shoko Morita, Yukinao Shibukawa, Hiroaki Korekane, Noriko Horii-Hayashi, Yoshinao Wada, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Akio Wanaka. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan tenascin-R regulates glutamate uptake by adult brain astrocytes. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2014 Jan 31;289(5):2620-31

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    PMID: 24337573

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