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Apoptosis constitutes a system for the removal of aged, or damaged cells, which is regulated by the interplay of pro-apoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins. Previous study has shown that Juvenile Batten disease protein, CLN3, is antiapoptotic gene in NT2 neuronal precursor cells and a few types of cancers. However, in colorectal cancer, whether CLN3 also play its antiapoptotic role and the effect of targeted controlling CLN3 on the biological behavior of human colorectal cancer cell is unknown. We employed the sequence-specific siRNA silencing the CLN3 gene and investigated its effects on growth and apoptosis of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, which has highest elevation of CLN3 expression among four colorectal cancer cell lines. After CLN3 specific siRNA transfection, mRNA and protein expression levels of CLN3 in HCT116 cells were noticeably decreased. Moreover, CLN3-siRNA inhibited the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells, promoted their apoptosis and induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. Our current study demonstrated that CLN3 was expressed in colorectal cancer cells at a high frequency. Moreover, CLN3 down-regulation with RNA interference can inhibit proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle progression of colorectal cancer cells. Our study represented a potential new approach to understanding the role of CLN3 in cancer and provides a potential novel strategy colorectal cancer therapy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Xinguo Zhu, Zhilong Huang, Yan Chen, Jian Zhou, Shuiqing Hu, Qiaoming Zhi, Shiduo Song, Yanan Wang, Daiwei Wan, Wen Gu, Hao Zhou, Bo Zhang, Wei Cao, Songbing He. Effect of CLN3 silencing by RNA interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomédecine & pharmacothérapie. 2014 Apr;68(3):253-8

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PMID: 24556023

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