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Interleukin (IL) 17 family cytokines are important mediators of mucosal immune responses, tightly regulated by signals from the complex milieu of pathogenic and commensal microbes, epithelial cells and innate and adaptive leukocytes found at tissue barriers. In mammals, IL17 ligand expression has been linked not only to protective immunity but also excessive tissue inflammation and damage in the gut and lungs. To better understand the scope and action of the IL17 family in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus, we identified and characterized seven IL17 ligands and four IL17 receptor (IL17R) homologues from transcriptomic and genomic databases. To gain insight into the mucosal actions of the IL17A/Fs-associated pathway in inflammatory processes, the expression profiles of three IL17A/Fs and their putative receptors IL17RA and IL17RC in mucosal tissues of catfish following experimental challenge with Edwardsiella ictaluri and Flavobacterium columnare were investigated. Bacterial challenge induced higher expression of the catfish IL17A/Fs as early at 4 h post-infection, particularly in gill tissue. In contrast, in the catfish intestine, where IL17 function is best understood in mouse models, IL17A/F expression showed minimal early responses to E. ictaluri infection. Instead, a significant up-regulation of IL17 ligands and receptors was observed in the intestine at 7 d, highlighting species and tissue-specific regulation of the IL17 family. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Xingqiang Wang, Chao Li, Wilawan Thongda, Yupeng Luo, Benjamin Beck, Eric Peatman. Characterization and mucosal responses of interleukin 17 family ligand and receptor genes in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2014 May;38(1):47-55

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PMID: 24602926

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