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The aim of the present study was to investigate the gastroprotective effect of apelin on water-immersion and restraint stress (WIRS)-induced gastric lesions. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, WIRS, F13A + WIRS and F13A. APJ receptor antagonist F13A was administered to rats to determine the influence of apelin on stress-induced gastric injury. WIRS administered for 6 h resulted in the development of gastric mucosal lesions accompanied by a significant increase in plasma corticosterone. WIRS increased the concentration of 4-hydroxynonenol (4-HNE) + malondialdehyde (MDA) and the expression of apelin and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in gastric mucosa. In addition, WIRS reduced the mucosal blood flow and gastric prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) concentration. Plasma corticosterone, which was increased due to stress, was significantly decreased in the F13A + WIRS group. Gastric lesions and the 4-HNE + MDA concentration were also higher in the F13A + WIRS compared to the WIRS group. We conclude that apelin has a gastroprotective effect against stress-induced lesions possibly by reducing lipid peroxidation in gastric mucosa.


V Nimet Izgüt-Uysal, Burcu Gemici, Ilknur Birsen, Nuray Acar, Ismail Üstünel. The protective effect of apelin against water-immersion and restraint stress-induced gastric damage. The journal of physiological sciences : JPS. 2014 Jul;64(4):279-89

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PMID: 24798037

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